World History A

Intro

After 1870 the industrialized nations of Europe engaged in an unprecedented competition to acquire overseas colonies. A struggle for economic and military power largely motivated this intense rivalry, which historians refer to as the “new imperialism.” The “Jewel in the Crown” of the vast British Empire was India. The British attempted to dominate every aspect of Indian life, including the culture. One Indian who resisted this cultural imperialism was the Bengali writer Rabindranath Tagore.

The nineteenth century was known for a new wave of imperialism as European powers, Japan, and the United States seized control of new territories and conquered peoples in Asia and Africa. The race for new colonies was fueled by competition among the European powers, nationalism, demand for raw materials, superior technology, and a belief in racial hierarchies. In Latin America, independence movements struggling to throw off Spanish authority succeeded by the mid-nineteenth century.


Looking Ahead to AP Euro...

What will they want you to know next year?

  1. Explain the context in which nationalistic and imperialistic sentiments developed in Europe from 1815 to 1914.
  2. Explain the motivations that led to European imperialism in the period from 1815 to 1914.
  3. Explain how European imperialism affected both European and non-European societies.

Readings

Lesson 1: Colonial Rule in Southeast Asia

The New Imperialism
Colonial Takeover
 Great Britain
 France
 Thailand  The Exception
 The United States
Colonial Regimes
 Indirect and Direct Rule
 Colonial Economies
Effects of Imperialism
 Colonial Rule in Africa
 Rise of African Nationalism

Lesson 2: Empire Building in Africa

West Africa and North Africa
 West Africa
 North Africa
Central and East Africa
 Central Africa
 East Africa
South Africa
 The Boer Republics
 Cecil Rhodes
 The Boer War
Education and Leisure

Lesson 3: British Rule in India

The Great Rebellion
 Events Leading to Rebellion
 Effects of the Rebellion
British Colonial Rule
Indian Nationalists
Colonial Indian Culture

Lesson 4: Imperialism in Latin America

The U.S. in Latin America
Revolution in Mexico
Prosperity and Social Change

Resources


Chapter Reading Guide
Chapter Review Sheet
Chapter Place and Time
Chapter Skillbuilder