World History A


The industrialization that began transforming Europe in the late 1700s had largely matured by a century later. Starting around 1850, the Second Industrial Revolution produced goods on a much larger scale. It created largely urban societies and a growing working class. This phase ofindustrialization also saw new advances in communications technology. A key figure was physicist and inventor Guglielmo Marconi.

In the late 1800s, the European population increased in industrial areas. Workers migrated from the countryside to find employment in coal mines, factories, domestic service, and offices. Working-class families crowded into urban areas, where they struggled with insufficient housing and services. Urbanization often caused poverty, unemployment, the spread of disease, and political unrest. Between 1870 and 1914, Great Britain, France, and Germany gradually responded to the needs of their growing populace.

Looking Ahead to AP Euro...

What will they want you to know next year?

  1. Explain how innovations and advances in technology during the Industrial Revolutions led to economic and social change.
  2. Explain how industrialization influenced economic and political development throughout the period from 1815 to 1914.
  3. Explain the causes and consequences of social developments resulting from industrialization.
  4. Explain the continuities and changes in European artistic expression from 1815 to 1914.
  5. Explain how science and other intellectual disciplines developed and changed throughout the period from 1815 to 1914.


Lesson 1: The Growth of Industrial Prosperity

The Second Industrial Revolution
 New Products and Patterns
 Toward a World Economy
Organizing the Working Classes
 Marx's Theory
 Socialist Parties
 Trade Unions

Lesson 2: The Emergence of Mass Society

The New Urban Environment
Social Structure of Mass Society
 The New Elite
 The Diverse Middle Classes
 The Working Classes
Women's Experiences
 New Job Opportunities
 Marriage and the Family
 Women's Rights
Education and Leisure

Lesson 3: The National State and Democracy

Western Europe: Political Democracy
Central and Eastern Europe: The Old Order
The United States
International Rivalries
 New Directions: William II
 Crises in the Balkans

Lesson 4: Modern Ideas and Uncertainty

The Culture of Modernity
 Painting and Architecture
Uncertainty Grows
 Curie and the Atom
 Einstein and Relativity
 Freud and Psychoanalysis
Extreme Nationalism


Chapter Reading Guide
Chapter Review Sheet
Chapter Study Guide
Chapter Place and Time –  largesmall
Chapter Skillbuilder

Text-only Readings