World History A


The ideals of the American and French Revolutions encouraged independence movements in other parts of the world. Napoleon’s invasion of Spain weakened Spanish control of its Latin American colonies, resulting in nationalist uprisings there. These revolts were led by members of a Latin American-born elite of Spanish descent, such as Simón Bolivar, who vowed to bring freedom and independence to Latin America.

The people of the nineteenth century witnessed the dramatic rise and fall of governments, the explosion of war and changing borders, and the rise of liberal economics and nationalist politics. The British government s support for free trade and its willingness to make political compromises to the middle classes helped it avoid the fate of many European nations where citizens took up arms for national identity in 1848. There were many causes of the Revolutions of 1848, including nationalism, the repressive nature of governments, and famines. The men and women of the middle classes and the urban working classes were discontented with their leaders.

Looking Ahead to AP Euro...

What will they want you to know next year?

  1. Explain the context in which industrialization originated, developed, and spread in Europe.
  2. Explain the factors that influenced the development of industrialization in Europe from 1815 to 1914.
  3. Explain the causes and consequences of social developments resulting from industrialization.
  4. Explain the context in which nationalistic and imperialistic sentiments developed in Europe from 1815 to 1914.
  5. Explain how the development and spread of nationalism affected Europe from 1815 to 1914.
  6. Explain the factors that resulted in Italian unification and German unification.
  7. Explain how nationalist sentiment and political alliances led to tension between and among European powers from 1815 to 1914.


Lesson 1: The Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution in Great Britain
Cotton Production and New Factories
 Coal, Iron, and Railroads
The Spread of Industrialization
Social Impact of Industrialization
 Population Growth and Urbanization
 New Social Classes
 Early Socialism

Lesson 2: Nationalism and Political Revolutions

The Revolutions of the 1830s
The Revolutions of 1848
 Another French Revolution
 Revolt in the German States
 Revolutions in Central Europe
 Revolts in the Italian States
 The Failures of 1848

Lesson 3: Nationalism, Unification, and Reform

Toward National Unification
 Breakdown of the Concert of Europe
 Revolt in Mexico
 German Unification
Nationalism and Reform in Europe
 Great Britain
 The Austrian Empire
Nationalism in the United States

Lesson 4: Nation Building in Latin America

Nationalist Revolts
 Revolt in Haiti
 Revolt in Mexico
 Revolts in South America
 Threats to Independence
Nation Building
 Rule of the Caudillos and Inequality
 Imperialism and Economic Dependence

Lesson 5: Romanticism and Realism

 Romanticism in Art and Music
 Romanticism in Literature
New Age of Science


Chapter Reading Guide
Chapter Review Sheet
Chapter Study Guide
Chapter Place and Time –  largesmall
Chapter Skillbuilder

Text-only Readings