goods — Physical articles that have been produced for sale or use. Three examples are food, clothing, and cars.
services — Work done by someone else for which a consumer, business, or government is willing to pay. Three examples are teaching, gardening, and childcare.
factors of production — The resources used to produce goods and services. Economists define these resources as land, labor, and capital.
entrepreneurship — The willingness and ability to take the risks involved in starting and managing a business.
capital — The tools, machines, and buildings used to produce goods and services.
productivity — A measure of the efficiency with which goods and services are produced. Productivity is often stated as the quantity produced per person per hour.
opportunity cost — The value of the next best alternative that is given up when making a choice. This is the measure of what you must give up to get what you most want.
production possibilities frontier (PPF) — A simple model of an economy that shows all the combinations of two goods that can be produced with the resources and technology currently available.