World History (A)

Chapter 18: The Colonies Become New Nations, 1945-Present

Summary

REVOLUTION Independence movements swept Africa and Asia as World War II ended. Through both nonviolent and violent means, revolutionaries overthrew existing political systems to create their own nations.

POWER AND AUTHORITY Systems of government shifted for one billion people when colonies in Africa and Asia gained their freedom. New nations struggled to unify their diverse populations. In many cases, authoritarian rule and military dictatorships emerged.

ECONOMICS The emergence of new nations from European- and U.S.- ruled colonies brought a change in ownership of vital resources. In many cases, however, new nations struggled to create thriving economies.