World History (A)

Chapter 5: Absolute Monarchs in Europe, 1500–1800


As feudalism declined, stronger national kingdoms in Spain, France, Austria, Prussia, and Russia emerged under the control of absolute rulers. Absolute rulers wanted to control their countries’ economies so that they could free themselves from limitations imposed by the nobility. In France, Louis XIV’s unrestrained spending left his country with huge debts. In Great Britain, Parliament and the British people challenged the monarch’s authority. The overthrow of the king led to important political changes.