World History (A)

Chapter 4: The Atlantic World, 1492–1800


Starting in 1492, the Spanish built a large empire in the Americas, but the native peoples suffered. In North America, the Dutch, French, and English fought for control. England finally won. The labor of enslaved per- sons brought from Africa supported the American colonies. The contact between the Old World and the New produced an exchange of new ideas.

Concepts from AP European History

European Exploration

  • European nations were driven by commercial and religious motives to explore overseas territories and establish colonies.
  • Advances in navigation, cartography, and military technology allowed Europeans to establish overseas colonies and empires.
  • Europeans established overseas empires and trade networks through coercion and negotiation.
  • Europe’s colonial expansion led to a global exchange of goods, flora, fauna, cultural practices, and diseases, resulting in the destruction of some indigenous civilizations, a shift toward European dominance, and the expansion of the slave trade.