Period 2: 1648-1815


Unit 2.1 (Chapter 15), (Chapter 18), and (Chapter 19)

Different models of political sovereignty affected the relationship among states and between states and individuals.

Unit 2.2 (Chapter 15)

The expansion of European commerce accelerated the growth of a worldwide economic network.

Unit 2.3 (Chapter 16) and (Chapter 17)

The popularization and dissemination of the Scientific Revolution and the application of its methods to political, social, and ethical issues led to an increased, although not unchallenged, emphasis on reason in European culture.

Unit 2.4 (Chapter 18)

The experiences of everyday life were shaped by demographic, environmental, medical, and technological changes.