Period 1: 1450-1648


Unit 1.1 (Chapter 12), (Chapter 16)

The worldview of European intellectuals shifted from one based on ecclesiastical and classical authority to one based primarily on inquiry and observation of the natural world.

Unit 1.2 (Chapter 13)

Religious pluralism challenged the concept of a unified Europe.

Unit 1.3 (Chapter 14)

Europeans explored and settled overseas territories, encountering and interacting with indigenous populations.

Unit 1.4 (Chapter 14), (Chapter 18), (Chapter 20)

European society and the experiences of everyday life were increasingly shaped by commercial and agricultural capitalism, notwithstanding the persistence of medieval social and economic structures.

Unit 1.5 (Chapter 15)

The struggle for sovereignty within and among states resulted in varying degrees of political centralization.